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Maccabean martyrs as saviours of the Jewish people

a study of 2 and 4 Maccabees
  • 346 Pages
  • 2.80 MB
  • 3939 Downloads
  • English
by
Brill , Leiden, New York
Bible. O.T. Apocrypha. Maccabees 2nd -- Criticism, interpretation, etc., Fourth Book of Maccabees -- Criticism, interpretation, etc., Martyrdom -- Jud
Statementby Jan Willem van Henten.
SeriesSupplements to the Journal for the study of Judaism,, v. 57
Classifications
LC ClassificationsBS1825.2 .H46 1997
The Physical Object
Paginationxi, 346 p. ;
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL688504M
ISBN 109004109765
LC Control Number97035506

This section of the book also offers extensive discussions of related non-Jewish traditions which highlight the political-patriotic dimension of noble death as described in 2 and 4 Maccabees.

See Less. This volume deals with the presentation of the so-called Maccabean martyrs and the elder Razis in 2 and 4 Maccabees, discussing the religious, the political as well as the philosophical aspects of noble Cited by:   The Maccabean Martyrs As Saviours of the Jewish People: A Study of 2 and 4 Maccabees (Supplements to the Journal for the Study of Judaism, V.

57): Henten, Jan Willem: : by: This book offers a fresh interpretation of the theme of noble death in 2 and 4 Maccabees which highlights the hitherto largely neglected political-patriotic significance of the "Maccabean martyrs. This volume deals with the presentation of the so-called Maccabean martyrs and the elder Razis in 2 and 4 Maccabees, discussing the religious, the political as well as the philosophical aspects of noble death in these writings.

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This volume deals with the presentation of the so-called Maccabean martyrs and the elder Razis in 2 and 4 Maccabees, discussing the religious, the political as well as the philosophical aspects of noble death in these by: The Maccabean Martyrs as Saviours of the Jewish People: A Study of 2 and 4 Maccabees (Supplements to the Journal for the Study of Judaism) Hardcover.

– 1 Nov by Jan Willem van Henten (Author) out of 5 stars 1 rating. See all 3 formats and Reviews: 1. The Maccabean martyrs were tortured to death during a persecution by the Greek king Antiochus IV (– BCE). Christian authors were familiar with these Jewish martyrdoms reported in Second Maccabees – and Four Maccabees 5– They reinterpreted these martyrs as models for Christians.

This contribution identifies important trends in the Christian reception and also deals with. A series of books relating events centering around Judas Maccabeus and other heroes in the Jewish struggle for religious and political freedom.

During the 3rd and 2nd centuries b.c. persecution was unleashed against the Jews by Egyptian and Syrian kings, particularly the infamous Antiochus IV Epiphanes.

Henten, J.W. van The Maccabean Martyrs as Saviours of the Jewish People: A Study of 2 and 4 Maccabees (SJSJ, 57; Leiden: Brill). Google Scholar Horsley, R.A.

`The Expansion of Hasmonean Rule in Idumea and Galilee: Toward a Historical Sociology', in Davies and Halligan (eds.) - The Maccabean martyrs were a group of seven Jewish brothers whose story was first recounted in 2 Maccabees 7. In this narrative an anonymous group of seven sons, in accordance with the exhortations of their mother, suffers martyrdom at the hands of the Seleucid king Antiochus IV for refusing to eat pork, a violation of the Jewish dietary laws as set forth in Torah.

eBook Download The Rise And Fall Of Jewish Nationalism full book in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format, get it for read on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. The Rise And Fall Of Jewish. Antonio Ciseri 's Martyrdom of the Seven Maccabees (), depicting the woman with her dead sons.

The woman with seven sons was a Jewish martyr described in 2 Maccabees 7 and other sources. Although unnamed in 2 Maccabees, she is known variously as Hannah, Miriam, and Solomonia.

The two Books of Maccabees contain important and actual moral teachings. They propose suggestive moral examples to follow: pious soldier, priest, martyr, who serve God in their proper way. The First Book of the Maccabees.

I Maccabees presents a historical account of political, military, and diplomatic events from the time of Judaea’s relationship with Antiochus IV Epiphanes of Syria (reigned –/ bce) to the death (/ bce) of Simon Maccabeus, high priest in describes the refusal of Mattathias to perform pagan religious rites, the ensuing Jewish.

The Martyrs of the Maccabees (2 Maccabees ) The second book of the Maccabees is one of the last-written books found in the Old Testament. It contains a story of seven brothers and their mother, who were all martyred for their refusal to break the Law of Moses.

The horrible martyrdoms are a powerful example of the evils of foreign oppression but they show the inner strength of the Jewish people and the glory of obedience to the Law.

The martyrs of the. The Martyrdom of Seven Brothers. 7 It happened also that seven brothers and their mother were arrested and were being compelled by the king, under torture with whips and cords, to partake of unlawful swine’s flesh. 2 One of them, acting as their spokesman, said, “What do you intend to ask and learn from us.

For we are ready to die rather than transgress the laws of our fathers.”. The Third and Fourth Books of Maccabees (New York ). Google Scholar. Harrington, D., The Maccabean Revolt: Anatomy of a Biblical Revolution (Wilmington ). Google Scholar. Schwartz, D. R., 2 Maccabees (Berlin ). Google Scholar.

Van Henten, J. W., The Maccabean Martyrs as Saviours of the Jewish People: A Study of 2 and 4 Maccabees. Jan Willem van Henten, The Maccabean Martyrs as Saviours of the Jewish People: A Study of 2 & 4 Maccabees, Supplements to the Journal for the Study of University of California, Berkeley.

The Maccabees, also spelled Machabees, were a group of Jewish rebel warriors who took control of Judea, which at the time was part of the Seleucid Empire. They founded the Hasmonean dynasty, which ruled from BCE to 37 BCE, being a fully independent kingdom from about to 63 BCE.

They reasserted the Jewish religion, partly by forced conversion, expanded the boundaries of Judea by. 6 Maccabees (or, Martha Shamoni: A Jewish Syriac Rhymed Liturgical Poem about the Maccabean Martyrdoms) is a Syriac poem which Sigrid Petersen argues shared a lost source with 4 Maccabees.7 Maccabees is another Syriac work that focuses on the speeches of the mother the seven martyrs, Martha Shamoni, and her sons.

And 8 Maccabees is a brief account of the revolt drawing on Seleucid. The wicked deeds of some Jewish leaders have led the whole people including the martyrs into a state of sin. This explains why the youngest brother can say at 2 Macc. that the wrath of the Lord “has justly fallen on our whole nation”.

The godless actions of Simon, Jason, Menelaus, Lysimachus, Alcimus and the unfaithful soldiers of Judas are the only sins of Jews reported in 2. Eleazar was a Jewish man whose story is portrayed in 2 Maccabees 6. Verse 18 describes him as "one of the leading teachers of the law," and "of distinguished bearing." We learn from verse 24 that he was ninety at the time of his death.

The seven holy Maccabee martyrs, Abim, Antonius, Gurias, Eleazar, Eusebonus, Alimus and Marcellus, their mother, Solomonia, and their teacher, Eleazar, suffered for Christ in under Syrian King Antiochus IV. The king loved pagan and Hellenistic customs, and held Jewish customs in contempt. He did everything possible to turn people from the Law of Moses and from their covenant with God.

The first story I wish to consider in which we glimpse the literary specters of the Maccabean martyrs is in book 8 of the Ecclesiastical History. There Eusebius tells of a mother and two daughters arrested under Diocletian at Antioch. The Maccabean Martyrs as Saviours of the Jewish People: A Study of 2 and 4 Maccabees.

Leiden. In fact, the evidence suggests that the Greek idea was embraced by Hebrew authors. (This post is sharing a few pages from J. van Henten’s The Maccabean Martyrs As Saviours of the Jewish People: A Study of 2 and 4 Maccabees.

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I work with Henten’s date for the composition of 2 Maccabees as around B.C.E.). Jan Willem van Henten holds the chair in New Testament and Hellenistic Jewish literature at the University of Amsterdam.

He is the director of the Netherlands School for Advanced Studies in Theology and Religion (NOSTER). He is the author of The Maccabean Martyrs as Saviours of the Jewish People and co-editor of Studies in Early Jewish s: 1.

By beginning the book with the Maccabean martyrs, Litfin implies that martyrdom is a continuation of old covenant piety, but scholars have argued about the roots of martyrdom for decades.

Some scholars have denied the Jewish roots of the martyrdom phenomenon, suggesting that it is a manifestation of Roman ideals concerning noble death. The The The Maccabean Martyrs as Saviours of the Jewish People. A Study Study of 2 and 4 Maccabees.

By Jan van Henten. xi + (Supplements to the Journal for the Study of Judaism, ) Leiden: Brill, ISBN 90 04 5. Gld. / Noting that Jews have ignored the Maccabean martyrs.

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PDF | The martyrs in 2 Maccabees 6 and 7 have been explored in various ways. In their commentaries on 2 Maccabees, Jan Willem van Henten and Daniel | Find, read and cite all the research you. Hanukkah, the Jewish festival of lights, celebrates the Maccabean Revolt ( BCE), and the narrative that Jewish rebel Judas Maccabeus vanquished the evil Greek emperor Antiochus and rededicated the Temple, at which the miracle of the oil occurred.The Maccabean martyrs were clearly not on their side, despite the power manifest by their miracles.

Orthodox Christians, therefore, built a competing Church of the Maccabees, the Kerateion (=Jewish Quarter), to try to reclaim the Maccabees as their own. [9].In the traditional Roman Rite, August 1st is the feast of the Seven Maccabee Brothers, long celebrated as a commemoration on the feast of St Peter’s is the only feast of Old Testament Saints kept on the general calendar, although certain others are found on local calendars, such as that of the Prophet Elijah, whom the Carmelites honor as their founder.